Direct writing in three dimensions

Jennifer A. Lewis, Gregory M. Gratson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability to pattern materials in three dimensions is critical for several emerging technologies, including photonics, microfluidics, microelectromechanical systems, and biomaterials. Direct-write assembly allows one to design and rapidly fabricate materials in complex three-dimensional shapes without the need for expensive tooling, dies, or lithographic masks. Here, recent advances in ink and laser writing techniques are reviewed with an emphasis on the push toward finer feature sizes. Opportunities and challenges associated with direct-write assembly are also highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Today
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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