Direct performance-based design with 200kN MR dampers using multi-objective cost effective optimization for steel MRFs

Young Jin Cha, Anil K. Agrawal, Brian M. Phillips, Billie F. Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Direct performance-based design methodology that incorporates traditional performance-based design and semi-active smart damping devices (i.e., magnetorheological (MR) damper) has been investigated through the application of multi-objective optimization. This design method achieves multiple objectives in which cost and efficiency are simultaneously optimized to achieve multiple performance levels subjected to multiple hazard levels. For numerical study, large-scale 200. kN MR dampers have been installed in a 9-story moment-resisting frame building to carry out multi-objective optimization using genetic algorithm. Minimum interstory drift during through nonlinear time history analysis and minimum number of MR dampers installed are considered as performance-based design objectives. Several MR damper location layouts have been obtained through the optimization. Nonlinear time history analyses have been carried out to evaluate performance of each MR damper device layout.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume71
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2014

Keywords

  • Genetic algorithm
  • High-rise building
  • Magnetorheological damper
  • Multi-objective
  • Nonlinear structure
  • Nonlinear time history analysis
  • Performance-based design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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