Direct numerical simulation of separated flow in a three-dimensional diffuser

Johan Ohlsson, Philipp Schlatter, Paul F. Fischer, Dan S. Henningson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A direct numerical simulation (DNS) of turbulent flow in a three-dimensional diffuser at Re = 10000 (based on bulk velocity and inflow-duct height) was performed with a massively parallel high-order spectral element method running on up to 32768 processors. Accurate inflow condition is ensured through unsteady trip forcing and a long development section. Mean flow results are in good agreement with experimental data by Cherry et al. (Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow, vol. 29, 2008, pp. 803-811), in particular the separated region starting from one corner and gradually spreading to the top expanding diffuser wall. It is found that the corner vortices induced by the secondary flow in the duct persist into the diffuser, where they give rise to a dominant low-speed streak, due to a similar mechanism as the lift-up effect in transitional shear flows, thus governing the separation behaviour. Well-resolved simulations of complex turbulent flows are thus possible even at realistic Reynolds numbers, providing accurate and detailed information about the flow physics. The available Reynolds stress budgets provide valuable references for future development of turbulence models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-318
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - May 10 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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