Direct numerical simulation of autoiginition of a hydrogen jet in a preheated cross flow

Ammar Abdilghanie, Christos E. Frouzakis, Paul Fischer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Autoignition of a nitrogen-diluted hydrogen mixture issuing from a round nozzle into a cross-flowing turbulent stream of preheated air flowing in a channel at a friction Reynolds number Reτ = 180 is investigated via 3-D direct numerical simulations (DNS) at two crossflow stream temperatures (930 and 950 K). Three-dimensional visualizations of the JICF reveal a complicated flow structure characterized by a variety of coherent vortical structures resulting from the boundary layers near the walls and evolving from the jet instabilities. The mean pressure field set up by the flow continuously drives the cross-flow fluid into the jet on the downstream side leading to enhanced entrainment relative to the upstream side and jet asymmetry. Autoignition of the jet depends sensitively on the cross-flow temperature. At the highest studied cross-flow temperature, spatially-isolated flame kernels form downstream of the jet, early on in the simulation. Although such flame kernels tend to propagate upstream, they get convected out of the domain. Later on, a strongly burning flame forms near the jet nozzle. At the lower cross-flow temperature, similar dynamics are observed significantly later in time and farther downstream from the nozzle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013
PublisherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781627488426
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013 - Park City, United States
Duration: May 19 2013May 22 2013

Publication series

Name8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013


Other8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPark City

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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