Direct ink writing of 3D functional materials

Jennifer A. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ability to pattern materials in three dimensions is critical for several technological applications, including composites, microfluidics, photonics, and tissue engineering. Direct-write assembly allows one to design and rapidly fabricate materials in complex 3D shapes without the need for expensive tooling, dies, or lithographic masks. Here, recent advances in direct ink writing are reviewed with an emphasis on the push towards finer feature sizes. Opportunities and challenges associated with direct ink writing are also highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2193-2204
Number of pages12
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number17
StatePublished - Nov 3 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials


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