How impurity atoms move through a crystal is a fundamental and recurrent question in materials. The previous models of oxygen diffusion in titanium relied on interstitial lattice sites that were recently found to be unstable-leaving no consistent picture of the diffusion pathways. Using first-principles quantum-mechanical methods, we find three oxygen interstitial sites in titanium, and quantify the multiple interpenetrating networks for oxygen diffusion. Surprisingly, all transitions contribute to diffusion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)