Background: MRI-derived proton density fat fraction (PDFF) is an accurate, reliable, and safe biologic marker for use in the noninvasive diagnosis of hepatic steatosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Because of the cost and limited availability of MRI, it is necessary to develop an accurate method to diagnose NAFLD with potential point-of-care access. Purpose: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the quantitative US (QUS) fat fraction (FF) estimator with that of the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in the diagnosis of NAFLD using contemporaneous MRI-derived PDFF as the reference standard. Materials and Methods: Participants with or suspected of having NAFLD were prospectively recruited at the NAFLD Research Center between July 2015 and July 2019. All participants underwent MRI-derived PDFF measurement, transient elastography with CAP measurement, and QUS. QUS FF was derived using computed QUS parameters from the acquired radiofrequency US data using a calibrated reference phantom. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the accuracy of QUS FF and CAP in the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis (defined as MRI-derived PDFF ≥ 5%). AUCs were compared using the DeLong test. Results: A total of 123 participants were included (mean age, 52 years 6 13 [SD]; 67 [54%] women). Of these participants, 100 (81%) had MRI-derived PDFF of 5% or more. QUS FF had a significantly higher AUC for diagnosis of NAFLD than did CAP (0.92 [95% CI: 0.87, 0.98] vs 0.79 [95% CI: 0.67, 0.90], P = .03). QUS FF had a sensitivity of 98% (98 of 100) and a specificity of 48% (11 of 23). CAP had a sensitivity of 87% (87 of 100) and a specificity of 57% (13 of 23). Conclusion: The quantitative US fat fraction estimator is more accurate than the controlled attenuation parameter in the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis in patients with or suspected of having nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging