Digital modulation of coherently-coupled 2×1 vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays

Harshil Dave, Peicheng Liao, Stewart T.M. Fryslie, Zihe Gao, Bradley J. Thompson, Alan E. Willner, Kent D. Choquette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We experimentally demonstrated enhanced digital modulation of coherently coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays. Mutually coherent behavior of $2\times 1$ proton-implanted index-confined photonic crystal vertical-cavity phased laser arrays is characterized using a novel digital modulation scheme. Far-field interference fringe visibility is used to estimate the degree of coherence between two coherently coupled laser cavities, and a visibility map is created to visualize the dependence of laser array coherence on the injection current bias. The visibility map indicates that a dual-channel in-phase modulation scheme can preserve the laser array in mutual coherence while under digital modulation. Experimentally, the high-speed digital modulation signal up to 36 Gb/s is supplied to both laser elements simultaneously. The resulting eye diagram is shown to be improved under coherent-coupling conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8581443
Pages (from-to)173-176
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2019


  • High-speed modulation
  • Phased arrays
  • Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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