Differentiating youth who are bullied from other victims of peer-aggression: The importance of differential power and repetition

Michele L. Ybarra, Dorothy L. Espelage, Kimberly J. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose To examine whether (1) among youth who report being bullied, differential power and repetition are useful in identifying youth who are more or less affected by the victimization experience and (2) bullying and more generalized peer aggression are distinct or overlapping constructs. Methods Data for the Teen Health and Technology study were collected online between August 2010 and January 2011 from 3,989 13- to 18-year-olds. Data from the Growing up with Media study (Wave 3) were collected online in 2008 from 1,157 12- to 17-year-olds. Results In the Teen Health and Technology study, youth who reported neither differential power nor repetition had the lowest rates of interference with daily functioning. Youth who reported either differential power or repetition had higher rates, but the highest rates of interference with daily functioning were observed among youth who reported both differential power and repetition. In the Growing up with Media study, youth were victims of online generalized peer aggression (30%) or both online generalized peer aggression and cyberbullying (16%) but rarely cyberbullying alone (1%). Conclusions Both differential power and repetition are key in identifying youth who are bullied and at particular risk for concurrent psychosocial challenge. Each feature needs to be measured directly. Generalized peer aggression appears to be a broader form of violence compared with bullying. It needs to be recognized that youth who are victimized but do not meet the criteria of bullying have elevated rates of problems. They are an important, albeit nonbullied, group of victimized youth to be included in research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Cyberbullying
  • Differential power
  • Measurement
  • Methodology
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Differentiating youth who are bullied from other victims of peer-aggression: The importance of differential power and repetition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this