Differential vocational rehabilitation service patterns and outcomes for transition-age youth with autism

Cahit Kaya, Cheryl Hanley-Maxwell, Fong Chan, Timothy Tansey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: It is important to investigate receipt of vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, service patterns and outcomes for youth with autism, so that limited public resources can be used more efficiently. Method: This study used chi-squared automatic interaction detector, and multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate relationships between demographic variables, receipt of VR services and employment outcomes for transition-age youth (TAY) with Autism. Results: The results indicate that gender, education level and cash benefits are significant predictors of employment outcomes. After controlling for the effect of demographic variables, several VR services (i.e., job placement, on-the-job support, on-the-job training, maintenance, other services, information referral, and diagnostic and treatment services) were significantly associated with competitive employment. Conclusions: Overall, the results indicate that job-related services were significantly related to employment outcomes for TAY with Autism; therefore, it is important these youths are provided with more targeted job placements and supported employment services (Wehman et al.,).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)862-872
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2018


  • autism
  • developmental disabilities
  • job placement
  • transition
  • vocational rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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