Differential Risk: Gender and Racial Differences in the Relationship between Trauma, Discrimination, and Schizotypy

Mahogany A. Monette, Madisen T. Russell, Danielle B. Abel, Jarrett T. Lewis, Jessica L. Mickens, Evan J. Myers, Megan M. Hricovec, David C. Cicero, J. Wolny, William P. Hetrick, Michael D. Masucci, Alex S. Cohen, Christopher J. Burgin, Thomas R. Kwapil, Kyle S. Minor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Traumatic experiences are associated with increased experiences of positive schizotypy. This may be especially important for People of Color, who experience higher rates of trauma and racial discrimination. No study to date has examined how racial disparities in traumatic experiences may impact schizotypy. Furthermore, of the studies that have examined the relationship between trauma and schizotypy, none have examined racial discrimination as a potential moderator. The present study examined if racial discrimination moderates the relationship between trauma and multidimensional (positive, negative, and disorganized) schizotypy. In a sample of 770 college students, we conducted chi-squared analyses, analyses of variance, and stepwise regressions. We found that Black students experienced significantly higher racial discrimination and trauma than Latinx and Asian students. Furthermore, Black and Latinx students experienced significantly more multidimensional schizotypy items than Asian students. Trauma and racial discrimination explained 8 to 23% of the variance in each dimension of schizotypy. Racial discrimination did not moderate the relationships between trauma and multidimensional schizotypy. Our findings suggest that we need to examine risk factors that may prevent recovery from psychotic disorders. Additionally, disorganized schizotypy showed the most robust associations and may be a critical site of intervention.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number363
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • trauma
  • disparities
  • schizotypy
  • racial discrimination

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