Differential engagement of anterior cingulate cortex subdivisions for cognitive and emotional function

Aprajita Mohanty, Anna S. Engels, John D. Herrington, Wendy Heller, Moon Ho Ringo Ho, Marie T. Banich, Andrew G. Webb, Stacie L. Warren, Gregory A. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Functional differentiation of dorsal (dACC) and rostral (rACC) anterior cingulate cortex for cognitive and emotional function has received considerable indirect support. Using fMRI, parallel tasks, and within-subject analysis, the present study directly tested the proposed specialization of ACC subdivisions. A Task × Region interaction confirmed more dACC activation during color-word distractors and more rACC activation during emotion-word distractors. Activity in ACC subdivisions differentially predicted behavioral performance. Connectivity with prefrontal and limbic regions also supported distinct dACC and rACC roles. Findings provide direct evidence for differential engagement of ACC subdivisions in cognitive and emotional processing and for differential functional connectivity in the implementation of cognitive control and emotion regulation. Results point to an anatomical and functional continuum rather than segregated operations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-351
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2007


  • Anterior cingulate
  • Cognition
  • Emotion
  • Functional connectivity
  • Stroop
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry


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