Differential Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury on the Cytochrome P450 System: A Perspective into Hepatic and Renal Drug Metabolism

Auinash Kalsotra, Cheri M. Turman, Pramod K. Dash, Henry W. Strobel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Traumatic brain injury is known to cause several secondary effects, one of which is altered drug clearance. Given the fact that patients who sustain TBI are subsequently treated with a variety of pharmacological agents for the purpose of either neuroprotection or physiological support, it is imperative to clarify changes in expression and/or activities of enzymes involved in clearing drugs. The mixed function oxidase system, which consists of cytochrome P450 and cytochrome P450 reductase, plays a vital role in phase I drug metabolism. This paper addresses the issue as to what extent TBI affects the levels and activity of various rat CYP450 subfamilies. Our results show that TBI induces tissue-specific and time-dependent alterations. Total hepatic CYP450 content showed a biphasic response with a decrease seen at 24 h followed by an increase at 2 weeks. CYP450 reductase, in contrast, showed an opposite temporal profile. Immunoblot analyses and marker substrate metabolism demonstrated a clear decrease in hepatic CYP1A levels while a significant increase in kidney was seen at both 24 h and 2 weeks. A dramatic induction of CYP3A was evident at 2 weeks in liver, while no changes were noticed in CYP2B or CYP2D subfamilies. CYP4F subfamily showed induction in kidney only. Collectively, the data reveal the differential effects of TBI on hepatic and renal drug metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1339-1350
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • CYP450 drug substrates
  • Inflammation and injury
  • Leukotriene B
  • Tissue-specific response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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