Ten-day-old seedlings of 22 rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars were subjected to aluminum (Al) stress in nutrient solutions with an initial pH of 4.0±0.1. The rice cultivars exhibited a wide range of response by changing the rhizosphere pH, and the uptake and efficiency ratio (ER) of utilization of nutrients both in the presence (222 μM Al) and absence of Al. In the presence of Al, the cultivars Co 37 and Basmati 370 recorded maximum uptake and highest ER’s for calcium (Ca), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), and iron (Fe). The cultivars Damodar and ADT 36 performed very poorly in terms of nutrient uptake. The tolerant cultivars (Al-insensitive) efficiently took up and utilized Ca and P in the presence of Al. The susceptible (Al-sensitive) and intermediate cultivars exhibited less Ca and P uptake and utilization. There was no apparent relationship between foliar Al content and the efficiency ratios. However, the Al-tolerant cultivars, Co 37 and Basmati 370, accumulated less Al in their foliage which was the reverse in case for the Al-susceptible cultivars. Among the 22 rice cultivars tested, Co 37 and Basmati 370 emerged as the most Al-tolerant. Hence, they would be recommended for cultivation in acidic, infertile soils of the tropics. The results of this study are discussed in terms of identifying the mechanism of Al tolerance or sensitivity among the studied rice cultivars as related to their nutrient metabolism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science