Ten-day-old seedlings of 22 rice (Oryza sativa. L) cultivars originated from various tropical countries were subjected to six levels of aluminum (Al) [0, 74, 148, 222, 296, and 370 μM] to test their tolerance to Al toxicity in nutrient solutions at pH 4.0±0.1. Seedlings were grown in the presence of Al under controlled environmental conditions in growth chambers. The nutrient solutions were replenished once a week. After 30 days, treatments were terminated and the differences in their growth patterns were compared. Standard growth parameters such as plant growth, dry matter production, relative growth reduction in roots (RGRS) and shoots (RGRS), root tolerance index (RTI) and shoot tolerance index (STI) have been used as markers of Al toxicity. Rice cultivars studied exhibited wide range of responses in their tolerance to Al. Though, the rice cultivars were subjected to six levels of Al, a good degree of separation in their responses was observed only at 222 μM Al. Therefore, this concentration was chosen to analyze and compare the performances of the cultivars. Further, only six cultivars showed significant changes in their expression in the presence of Al compared to control, and so data have been presented only for those cultivars for clarity. The cultivars BW 196, Bhura Rata, Basmati 370 and Co 37 recorded increases in growth, while Damodar and ADT 36 showed severe inhibitions in the presence of Al. Furthermore, in RTI and STI also Co 37 and Basmati 370 registered their tolerance to Al by showing increased growth in the presence of Al. Whereas, Damodar and ADT 36 recorded severe reductions. The RGRR and RGRS data also substantiates this finding. Based on the growth parameters, the six rice cultivars were ranked based on their tolerance to Al: Co 37 > Basmati 370 > BW 196 > Bhura Rata > Damodar > ADT 36. Co 37 and Basmati 370 are the two most tolerant cultivars which performed extremely well in the presence of Al, and Damodar and ADT 36 are the most susceptible cultivars. Therefore, the Al-tolerant cultivars can be used for future breeding programes to develop Al-tolerant, cultivars that subsequently can be recommended for planting in acidic, infertile soils of the tropics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science