Different percentage of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) and diesel blends at low temperature condition in a constant volume chamber

Nan Zhou, Han Wu, Chia Fon Lee, Qingnian Wang, Ming Huo, Pengyu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The purpose of this study is to investigate the possibility of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) blended with diesel without further component recovery which has high costs blocking the industrial-scale production of bio-butanol. The combustion characteristics of ABE and diesel blends were studied in a constant volume chamber. In this study, 50% and 80% vol. ABE (without water) were mixed with diesel and the vol. % of acetone, butanol and ethanol were kept at 30%, 60% and 10% respectively. The in-cylinder pressure was recorded using a pressure transducer and the time-resolved natural luminosity was captured by high speed imaging. Combustion visualization using laser diagnostics would provide crucial fundamental information of the fuel's combustion characteristics. With the different percentage of the ABE blended in the diesel, the soot oxidation, the ignition delay and the soot lift-off length were studied in this work. As the increase percentage of the ABE in the blends, the trend for the combustion characteristics is better than the pure diesel (D100). Combing with the low temperature combustion (LTC) and the higher percent ABE in blends, based on the results analysis, it could be found that at low ambient temperature of 800 K, the ABE blends presented close-to-zero soot luminosity with better combustion efficiency. Comparing to D100, the ABE is a very proper alternative fuel to be directly used in diesel engines especially under LTC conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAE Technical Papers
StatePublished - 2014
EventSAE 2014 World Congress and Exhibition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Apr 8 2014Apr 10 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Different percentage of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) and diesel blends at low temperature condition in a constant volume chamber'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this