Four chick bioassays were conducted to evaluate the threonine (Thr) replacement value of L-homoserine (HS). Growth rate was increased (P < 0.05) by dietary addition of 800 mg L-HS/kg diet to a purified diet severely deficient in Thr or by the addition of 800 or 1000 mg of L-HS/kg diet to a corn-peanut meal diet distinctly deficient in Thr. The addition of an isomolar level of a-ketobutyrate, a catabolic product of both Thr and HS, did not elicit a response. Standard-curve methodology predicted a Thr replacement value of 38 ± 9% for HS. Interactions (P < 0.01) were observed in assays 2 and 4 between dietary Thr adequacy and 800 or 1000 mg L-HS/kg supplementation. Thus, HS improved growth performance when added to a Thr-deficient diet (0.46 g Thr/100 g diet), but it decreased growth performance when added to the same diet containing surfeit Thr (0.80 g Thr/100 g diet). The results indicate that low levels of HS elicit a growth response in young chicks fed Thr-deficient diets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1302
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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