Dietary ascorbyl monophosphate depresses lipid peroxidation in rainbow trout spermatozoa

Li Liu, Andrzej Ciereszko, Sergiusz Czesny, Konrad Dabrowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract.-This study was designed 10 analyze lipid peroxidation in spermatozoa of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss by an optimized thiobarbiiuric acid (TBA) method, and to evaluate the effect of graded levels of dietary antioxidant (ascorbic acid in the form of ascorbyl monophosphate, AP) on TBA values of spermatozoa. Sperm from rainbow trout fed diets supplemented with AP at 0, 110, or 870 mg/kg were sampled during the reproductive season. The group given the unsupplemented diet had the lowest ascorbic acid concentration in seminal plasma during most of the spermiation season compared with groups fed diets with AP. While the ascorbic acid concentration in seminal plasma decreased toward the end of the reproductive season, spermatozoa malondialdehyde production, indicative of increasing peroxidation, tended to increase. At the end of the season, significant differences (P < 0.05) were found in peroxidation levels in spermatozoa from fish fed different levels of ascorbic acid. The most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid in sperm lipids, docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6), was significantly lower in lipids from spermatozoa of the AP-devoid (control) group than in the 870-mg/kg supplement group. By the end of the reproductive season, spermatozoa from the control group had significantly higher peroxidation levels than did spermatozoa from fish given AP (110 and 870 mg/kg). Thus, it is the first evidence in fish that dietary AP supplements can increase seminal plasma ascorbic acid concentrations, and it suggests that peroxidative damage to spermatozoa can be reduced during the reproductive season, which in turn may affect sperm fertilizing ability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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