Diet Composition Affects Liver and Mammary Tissue Transcriptome in Primiparous Holstein Dairy Cows

Shengtao Gao, Zheng Zhou, Jiaqi Wang, Juan Loor, Massimo Bionaz, Lu Ma, Dengpan Bu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the overall adaptations of liver and mammary tissue to a corn stover (CS) compared to a mixed forage (MF) diet in mid-lactation primiparous dairy cows. Twenty-four primiparous lactating Holstein cows were randomly allocated to 2 groups receiving either an alfalfa forage diet (MF, F:C = 60:40) with Chinese wildrye, alfalfa hay and corn silage as forage source or a corn stover forage diet (CS, F:C = 40:60). A subgroup of cows (n = 5/diet) was used for analysis of liver and mammary transcriptome using a 4 × 44K Bovine Agilent microarray chip. The results of functional annotation analysis showed that in liver CS vs. MF inhibited pathways related to lipid metabolism while induced the activity of the potassium channel. In mammary tissue, fatty acid metabolism was activated in CS vs. MF. In conclusion, the analysis of genes affected by CS vs. MF indicated mammary gland responding to lower level of linoleate from the diet (lower in CS vs. MF) by activating the associated biosynthesis metabolic pathway while the liver adaptively activated potassium transport to compensate for a lower K ingestion.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1191
JournalAnimals
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 14 2020

Keywords

  • Forage-to-concentrate ratio
  • liver and mammary gland
  • transcription
  • corn stover

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