The formulation and solution of a new algorithm for queue management and coordination of traffic signals along oversaturated arterials are presented. Existing traffic-control and signal-coordination algorithms deal only with undersaturated steady-state traffic flow conditions. No practical algorithms are readily available for oversaturated flow conditions. The main idea of the procedure is to manage queue formation and dissipation on system links so that traffic flow is maximized by efficiently using all green time, preventing formation of de facto red, accounting for the non-steady-state conditions, and providing time-dependent control measures. The problem is formulated as a throughput maximization problem subject to state and control variables. The solution is then obtained using genetic algorithms. The results show that the control procedure can produce dynamic and responsive control so that traffic progression is attained and all undesirable conditions such as queue spill-back and de facto red are avoided.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering