Development of the Family Ritual Questionnaire: Initial Reliability and Validation Studies

Barbara H. Fiese, Christine A. Kline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In light of the increasing interest in the role of family rituals in promoting mental health, a self-report questionnaire was developed. The Family Ritual Questionnaire (FRQ) assesses family rituals across 7 settings ranging from dinnertime to religious celebrations and across 8 dimensions ranging from roles to symbolic significance. Four studies were conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the FRQ. Adequate internal consistency, construct validity in comparison to the Family Environment Scale (Moos & Moos, 1986), test-retest reliability, and within-family agreement were established. The symbolic significance associated with family rituals was positively related to adolescent self-esteem and negatively related to adolescent anxiety. Clinical implications for the importance of symbolic meaning associated with family rituals are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-299
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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