Development of integrated ceramic microreactors for production of hydrogen

Paul J.A. Kenis, Nfn Christian, Michael Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The development of microreactors for the catalytic reforming of fuels, such as methanol and hydrocarbons, for on-site H2 production has grown rapidly in the past few years. Highly porous inverted beaded catalyst support structures made from silicon carbide (SiC) and silicon carbonitride (SiCN) are fabricated, and have integrated these structures within high-density, non-porous alumina housings. The integrated ceramic microreactors exhibited excellent thermal and chemical stability up to 1200°C in air, and the SiC or SiCN support structures have geometric surface areas between 105 and 108 sq m/cu m. These catalyst support structures have a void fraction of 0.74, significantly reducing the pressure drop compared to packed catalytic beds. The channeling of reactants occurring with packed particles is avoided by the use of these inverted beaded porous monoliths. Efforts in the fabrication and characterization of the SiC and SiCN porous structures, and their integration into alumina reactor housings are described. The conversion data for these integrated ceramic microreactors at up to 1000°C for the decomposition of ammonia and the steam reforming of propane at temperatures above 800°C are presented. This is an abstract of paper presented at the AIChE Spring National Meeting (Orlando, FL 4/24-26/2006).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event2006 AIChE Spring National Meeting - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Apr 23 2006Apr 27 2006

Publication series

Name2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting

Other

Other2006 AIChE Spring National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period4/23/064/27/06

Fingerprint

Carbon nitride
Ceramics
Silicon
Silicon carbide
Hydrogen
Aluminum Oxide
Catalyst supports
Alumina
Catalytic reforming
Propane
Void fraction
Steam reforming
Chemical stability
Steam
Hydrocarbons
Ammonia
Pressure drop
Methanol
Thermodynamic stability
Hot Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Kenis, P. J. A., Christian, N., & Mitchell, M. (2006). Development of integrated ceramic microreactors for production of hydrogen. In 2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting (2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting).

Development of integrated ceramic microreactors for production of hydrogen. / Kenis, Paul J.A.; Christian, Nfn; Mitchell, Michael.

2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting. 2006. (2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kenis, PJA, Christian, N & Mitchell, M 2006, Development of integrated ceramic microreactors for production of hydrogen. in 2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting. 2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting, 2006 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Orlando, FL, United States, 4/23/06.
Kenis PJA, Christian N, Mitchell M. Development of integrated ceramic microreactors for production of hydrogen. In 2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting. 2006. (2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting).
Kenis, Paul J.A. ; Christian, Nfn ; Mitchell, Michael. / Development of integrated ceramic microreactors for production of hydrogen. 2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting. 2006. (2006 AIChE Spring Annual Meeting).
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