Development of an inverse analysis framework for extracting dynamic soil behavior and pore pressure response from downhole array measurements

David R. Groholski, Youssef M A Hashash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Observations from earthquakes over the past several decades have highlighted the importance of local site conditions on propagated ground motions. Downhole arrays are deployed to measure motions at the ground surface and within the soil profile, and also to record the pore pressure response within the soft soil profiles during excitation. The degradation of soil stiffness as excess pore pressures are generated during earthquake events has also been observed. An inverse analysis framework is developed and demonstrated to directly extract soil material behavior including pore water pressure (PWP) generation from downhole array measurements that can then be readily used in 1D nonlinear site response analysis. The self-learning simulations (SelfSim) inverse analysis framework, previously developed for total stress site response analysis, is extended to extract PWP generation behavior of the soil in addition to cyclic response during ground shaking. A Neural Network based constitutive model is introduced to represent PWP generation during cyclic loading. A new analysis scheme is introduced that can use data from co-located piezometer and accelerometer sensors. The successful performance of the proposed framework is demonstrated using four synthetic vertical array recordings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1867-1890
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2013

Keywords

  • Downhole array
  • Inverse analysis
  • Pore pressure response
  • Site response analysis
  • Soil behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanics of Materials

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