We report the development of a thermal-hydraulic analysis code (called TAC-DS: Thermal-hydraulic Analysis Code for Dry-storage System). The spent fuel dry-storage system of High-Temperature Reactor Pebble-bed Modules in China is simulated using the TAC-DS to confirm the design basis and to analyze the transient behavior following an accident involving blower failure. The TAC-DS includes mathematical models for the air-coolant system, heat conduction within spent fuel canisters, and thermal radiation between heat structures. The time-dependent hydrodynamic model of the TAC-DS is formulated using one-dimensional mass, momentum and energy equations, and solved using semi-implicit finite-difference scheme. The complicated heat transfer models of heat structure are incorporated into the hydrodynamic system implicitly with enclosure correlations. Code is written in Fortran 90. A validation calculation is performed by solving a simplified model. Thermal performance of the buffer storage region in the system under forced ventilation scenario is studied with TAC-DS to validate the design requirement, as well as to provide the initial condition for the transient analysis. Blower failure accident is studied to assess the performance of the safety features during the transient accident. Since the code is modular, TAC-DS can be easily modified and applied to other spent fuel dry-storage system in the future.
- Spent fuel
- dry-storage system
- thermal hydraulics
- transient analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering