Development of a theoretical model describing sonoporation activity of cells exposed to ultrasound in the presence of contrast agents

Monica M. Forbes, William D. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sonoporation uses ultrasound, with the aid of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs), to enhance cell permeabilization, thereby allowing delivery of therapeutic compounds noninvasively into specific target cells. The objective of this study was to determine if a computational model describing shear stress on a cell membrane due to microstreaming would successfully reflect sonoporation activity with respect to the peak rarefactional pressure. The theoretical models were compared to the sonoporation results from Chinese hamster ovary cells using DefinityVR at 0.9, 3.15, and 5.6 MHz and were found to accurately describe the maximum sonoporation activity, the pressure where a decrease in sonoporation activity occurs, and relative differences between maximum activity and the activity after that decrease. Therefore, the model supports the experimental findings that shear stress on cell membranes secondary to oscillating UCAs results in sonoporation. VC 2012 Acoustical Society of America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2723-2729
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume131
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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