Development of a rapid capture-cum-detection method for Escherichia coli O157 from apple juice comprising nano-immunomagnetic separation in tandem with surface enhanced Raman scattering

Roya Najafi, Shubhasish Mukherjee, Jim Hudson, Anup Sharma, Pratik Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A combined capture and detection method comprising of nano-immunomagnetic separation (NIMS) and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was developed to detect Escherichia coli O157 from liquid media including apple juice. The capture antibodies (cAbs) were immobilized on magnetite-gold (Fe3O4/Au) magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) which were used for separation and concentration of the E. coli O157 cells from model liquid food matrix. The capture efficiency (CE) for E. coli O157 using MNP was found to be approximately 84-94%. No cross reactivity was observed with background non-target organisms. There was a significant difference in the mean CE of bacteria captured by MNP and commercially sourced immunomagnetic microbeads (p<0.05). For the detection of target pathogen, SERS labels were prepared by conjugating gold nanoparticles with Raman reporter molecules and the detector antibody (dAb). Au-Raman label-dAb was interacted with gold coated MNP-cAb-E. coli O157 complex. The ability of this immunoassay to detect E. coli O157 in apple juice was investigated. We have successfully applied the synthesized Fe3O4/Au nanoclusters to E. coli O157 detection in apple juice using the SERS method. The lowest detectable bacterial cell concentration in apple juice was 102CFU/mL with a total analysis time of less than an hour. This method presents a convenient way of preconcentration, separation, and detection of low levels of target pathogen from liquid food matrix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Volume189
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apple juice
  • Escherichia coli O157
  • Immunomagnetic separation (IMS)
  • Nanoparticles
  • Rapid detection
  • Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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