Development of a novel piezo-driven parallel-kinematics single crystal silicon micropositioning XY stage

Qing Yao, Placid Mathew Ferreira, Deepkishore Mukhopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We developed a novel piezo-driven parallel-kinematics single crystal silicon micropositioning XY stage. This monolithic design features parallelogram four-bar linkages, flexure hinges and piezoelectric stack actuators. The stage is made from single crystal silicon because it has excellent mechanical properties compared to metals, which result in high bandwidth, large work zone and compact size of the stage. Kinematics and dynamics analysis were performed for the design. We also developed microfabrication procedures to make the prototype of the stage. Experiment results show that the mechanical structure of the stage can deliver a 400μm by 400μm square work zone without failing any flexure hinges. With two piezoelectric stack actuators mounted, the stage is able to do open-loop contouring in a 32μm by 32μm work zone with 160V driving voltages applied. The resonation frequencies of the stage are between 1,300 and 1,400Hz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number06
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Dec 9 2005



  • Flexure hinge
  • Micropositioning
  • Parallel kinematics
  • Piezoelectric actuator
  • Single crystal silicon
  • XY stage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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