A coalescence model for homogeneous condensation of ammonia in supersonic expansions to vacuum has been developed using molecular dynamics trajectory calculations. The MD calculations show that the sticking probability increases as the ammonia cluster size increases or the cluster temperature decreases. In addition, the sensitivity of the sticking probability to cluster size decreases as the temperature decreases. Comparison of the Ashgriz-Poo semiempirical coalescence model with MD simulations show that for cluster sizes larger than 100 the former model may be used. To model homogeneous nucleation in an ammonia jet, direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) simulations were performed for different stagnation pressure conditions using the MD simulation outcomes for smaller cluster-cluster collisions and the Ashgriz-Poo model for cluster sizes larger than 100. We found that, by including the combined coalescence model, the average cluster sizes and size distributions predicted by DSMC agree reasonably well with experiment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry