Development of a low-cost agricultural remote sensing system based on an autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

Haitao Xiang, Lei Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To provide and improved remote sensing a system based on an autonomous UAV was developed. The system was based on an easily transportable helicopter platform weighing less than 14 kg. Equipped with a multi-spectral camera and autonomous system, the UAV system was capable of acquiring multi-spectral images at the desired locations and times. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) based UAV navigation system was designed and implemented using sensor fusion techniques. A ground station was designed to be the interface between a human operator and the UAV to carry out mission planning, flight command activation, and real-time flight monitoring. Based on the navigation data, and the waypoints generated by the ground station, the UAV could be automatically navigated to the desired waypoints and hover around each waypoint to collect field image data. An experiment using the UAV system to monitor turf grass glyphosate application demonstrated the system, which indicated the UAV system provides a flexible and reliable method of sensing agricultural field with high spatial and temporal resolution of image data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-190
Number of pages17
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

Cite this