Development and validation of VBLaST-PT©: A virtual peg transfer simulator

Venkata S. Arikatla, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Woojin Ahn, Amine Chellali, Caroline G.L. Cao, Suvranu De

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Peg transfer is one of the five tasks in the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS), which is now established as a standard for training minimally invasive surgery. In this paper we report development and preliminary validation of Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer-peg transfer (VBLaST-PT simulator. Face validation of the VBLaST-PT© with 34 subjects revealed high scores for all aspects of simulation. A two-tailed Mann-Whitney performed on the total scores on VBLaST-PT © showed significant (p=0.001) difference between the skill groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
JournalStudies in health technology and informatics
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • FLS
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Simulator
  • Training
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management


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