Development and validation of a novel SYBR Green real-time RT-PCR assay for the detection of classical swine fever virus evaluated on different real-time PCR platforms

Lester Josué Pérez, Heidy Díaz de Arce, Joan Tarradas, Rosa Rosell, Carmen Laura Perera, Marta Muñoz, Maria T. Frías, José Ignacio Nuñez, Llilianne Ganges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Classical swine fever is a highly contagious viral disease that causes significant economic losses in pig production on a global scale. The rapid dissemination of the virus and the variability of the clinical signs merit the development of swift and accurate classical swine fever virus (CSFV) detection methods, which can assist in disease control. The development and evaluation of a novel quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay for CSFV detection, based on SYBR Green coupled to melting curve analysis, is described. The analytical and diagnostic performances of the method using two real-time PCR instruments were compared. The assay was specific and detected the major genotypes of CSFV. The limit of detection in cell culture medium and serum was 0.1 TCID50/reaction, while in tissue homogenate for both platforms, it was 1 TCID50/reaction. The limit of detection was 1, 10 and 102 gene copies/μL when nuclease-free water, serum and tissue homogenate, respectively, were used as sample matrices for both instruments. The analysis of 108 tissue homogenate and serum samples from animals infected with CSFV naturally and experimentally and non-infected animals showed that the assay provided a highly sensitive and specific method for classical swine fever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Volume174
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Classical swine fever virus
  • Real-time PCR instrument
  • SYBR green real-time RT-PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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