The general composition of concentrated oyster cooker effluent (OCE) was 80% moisture, 6.7% total nitrogen, 2.4% glycogen, and 8.5% ash. Optimum conditions for enzymatic hydrolysis of OCE were 50°C, 2 h of reaction time, 0.1% amylase mixture (α-amylase plus glucoamylase), and 0.2% protease NP. Hydrolysis of OCE led to an increase in free amino acids, with taurine comprising ≃20% of the total. Inosine monophosphate was predominant (456 mg/100 g) among nucleotides and related compounds. Enzyme hydrolysis increased extractable nitrogen, by ≃2:fold. Trimethylamine, trimethylamine oxide, and total creatinine levels were not affected by enzyme treatment. Predominant aroma-active components of enzyme-hydrolyzed OCE included 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline and 3-(methylthio)propanal. Results of this study may help alleviate the wastewater disposal problem currently caused by OCE.
- Enzymatic hydrolysis
- Gas Chromatography-olfactometry
- Oyster byproduct
- Oyster cooker effluent
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)