Development and calibration of an item bank for PE metrics assessments: Standard 1

Connie Fox, Weimo Zhu, Youngsik Park, Jennifer L. Fisette, Kim C. Graber, Ben Dyson, Marybell Avery, Marian Franck, Judith H. Placek, Judy Rink, De Raynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to develop and calibrate an assessment system, or bank, using the latest measurement theories and methods to promote valid and reliable student assessment in physical education. Using an anchor-test equating design, a total of 30 items or assessments were administered to 5,021 (2,568 boys and 2,453 girls) students in Kindergarten and Grades 2 and 5. Their performances were video-taped and rated using 4-point scoring rubrics. The coded data were analyzed using the many-faceted Rasch model, with three defined facets: items, rubrics, and students. Data from Grade 2 were analyzed first, followed by Kindergarten and Grade 5, with the later two anchored on the scale of Grade 2. It was found that the model-data fit well and item difficulties were well spread (Kindergarten: -1.52 to -0.13, Grade 2: -1.22 to 1.29, and Grade 5: -1.26 to 0.44 logits). As a result, an assessment bank was established. An anchor-test equating design allows comparison of students' performance across grades using different items. The development and calibration of the bank serves as a good example for future test/assessment development and application in physical education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-137
Number of pages19
JournalMeasurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Rasch analysis
  • item response theory
  • test construction
  • test equating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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