Development and analytical validation of a radioimmunoassay for the measurement of feline pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity in serum

Jörg M. Steiner, Ben G. Wilson, David A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pancreatitis is recognized as an important cause for morbidity and mortality in cats, but diagnosis remains difficult in many cases. As a first step in trying to identify a better diagnostic tool for feline pancreatitis the objective of this project was to develop and analytically validate a radioimmunoassay for the measurement of feline pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (fPLI). Feline pancreatic lipase (fPL) was purified from pancreatic tissue and antiserum against fPL was raised in rabbits. Tracer was produced by iodination of fPL using the chloramine T method. A radioimmunoassay was established and analytically validated by determination of sensitivity, dilutional parallelism, spiking recovery, intra-assay variability, and interassay variability. A control range for fPLI in cat serum was established from 30 healthy cats using the central 95th percentile. The sensitivity of the assay was 1.2 μg /L. Observed to expected ratios for serial dilutions ranged from 98.8% to 164.3% for 3 different serum samples. Observed to expected ratios for spiking recovery ranged from 76.9% to 147.6% for 3 different serum samples. Coefficients of variation for intra- and interassay variability for 4 different serum samples were 10.1%, 4.5%, 2.2%, and 3.9% and 24.4%, 15.8%, 16.6%, and 21.3%, respectively. A reference range for fPLI was established as 1.2 to 3.8 μg/L. We conclude that the assay described is sensitive, accurate, and precise with limited linearity in the lower and limited reproducibility in the lower and higher end of the working range. Further studies to evaluate the clinical usefulness of this assay are needed and in progress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume68
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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