Lithium (Li) is a promising low-Z material for particle recycling and impurity control to improve plasma performance in fusion devices. In the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST), Li coating has become a routine method for wall conditioning, and a flowing liquid Li (FLiLi) limiter has been successfully tested several times. Deuterium retention characteristics in the Li film coated on the international thermonuclear experimental reactor-like tungsten divertor and FLiLi during plasma discharges, which is important for the utilization of Li in future fusion devices, were investigated in EAST. It is found that the absorption of the fuel particles by Li coatings decreases gradually, and recycling gradually increases over a series of discharges. The maximum net amount of deuterium retained reached ∼0.8 g, corresponding to 12% deuterium in the Li. This corresponds to a whole day's worth of shots with a total of 87 plasma discharges and a total of ∼640s plasma time after 11.75 g Li was deposited. Compared to the Li coating, it is shown that FLiLi continuously traps fuel particles and achieves a higher deuterium retention ratio over both the short- and long-term, leading to lower recycling. Meanwhile, it is also observed that the fuel particle retention ratio increases when FLiLi is closer to the plasma. This result is likely due to higher plasma heating power and limiter temperature, which cause an increased Li efflux from FLiLi due to a higher limiter temperature, which then redeposits on the other plasma-facing surfaces and increases fuel particle absorption. It is estimated that ≥80% of the retained D particles are captured by the continual renewal of the Li redeposition film during the FLiLi operation. This investigation would also be useful for D/T retention in future fusion devices if Li is used as a plasma-facing component.
- Experimental advanced superconducting tokamak
- Particle recycling
- Wall retention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics