Determining of flow non-equilibrium regions using the kolmogorov-smirnov criterion

E. V. Titov, R. Kumar, D. A. Levin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Studies of equilibrium breakdown were done for two flow problems representative of typical conditions for vehicles reentering the Earth atmosphere. The first studied problem was a 81 km Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) re-entry flow, with additional considerations for local flow features along the stagnation line. The second problem was a classical Couette flow, a volume of gas confined between two fast moving parallel plates of indefinite length and width. Both of the problems were solved by the DSMC technique with the particle velocity data collected to compute the distribution function at the areas of interest. In the case of stagnation line flow, a strong shock wave, formed in front of the vehicle at an altitude of 81 km was studied, and in the case of Couette flow, a high velocity boundary layer was examined in details at different Knudsen numbers. For both of the cases the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test was applied to determine the degree of local flow non-equilibrium with following considerations regarding the applicability of coupled statistical BGK and DSMC techniques in the semi-rarefied flow regimes where the use of the baseline DSMC is limited due to the computational cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication27th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics - 2010, RGD27
Number of pages6
EditionPART 1
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event27th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, RGD27 - Pacific Grove, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 10 2011Jul 15 2011

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
NumberPART 1
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Other27th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, RGD27
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPacific Grove, CA


  • BGK
  • DSMC
  • Flow equilibrium
  • Reentry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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