Determination of spin relaxation times in heavy metals via second-harmonic spin injection magnetoresistance

C. Fang, C. H. Wan, B. S. Yang, J. Y. Qin, B. S. Tao, H. Wu, X. Zhang, X. F. Han, A. Hoffmann, X. M. Liu, Z. M. Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In tunnel junctions between ferromagnets and heavy elements with strong spin orbit coupling the magnetoresistance is usually dominated by tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR). This makes conventional DC spin injection techniques impractical for determining the spin relaxation time τs. Here, we show that this obstacle for measurements of τs can be overcome by second-harmonic spin-injection magnetoresistance (SIMR). In the second-harmonic signal the SIMR is comparable in magnitude to TAMR, thus enabling Hanle-induced SIMR as a powerful tool to directly determine τs. Using this approach we determined the spin relaxation time of Pt and Ta and their temperature dependences. The spin relaxation in Pt seems to be governed by the Elliott-Yafet mechanism due to a constant resistivity ×spin relaxation time product over a wide temperature range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134421
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume96
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Fang, C., Wan, C. H., Yang, B. S., Qin, J. Y., Tao, B. S., Wu, H., Zhang, X., Han, X. F., Hoffmann, A., Liu, X. M., & Jin, Z. M. (2017). Determination of spin relaxation times in heavy metals via second-harmonic spin injection magnetoresistance. Physical Review B, 96(13), [134421]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.134421