Determination of leaf water content by visible and near-infrared spectrometry and multivariate calibration in Miscanthus

Xiaoli Jin, Chunhai Shi, Chang Yeon Yu, Toshihiko Yamada, Erik J. Sacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Leaf water content is one of the most common physiological parameters limiting efficiency of photosynthesis and biomass productivity in plants including Miscanthus. Therefore, it is of great significance to determine or predict the water content quickly and non-destructively. In this study, we explored the relationship between leaf water content and diffuse reflectance spectra in Miscanthus. Three multivariate calibrations including partial least squares (PLS), least squares support vector machine regression (LSSVR), and radial basis function (RBF) neural network (NN) were developed for the models of leaf water content determination. The non-linear models including RBF_LSSVR and RBF_NN showed higher accuracy than the PLS and Lin_LSSVR models. Moreover, 75 sensitive wavelengths were identified to be closely associated with the leaf water content in Miscanthus. The RBF_LSSVR and RBF_NN models for predicting leaf water content, based on 75 characteristic wavelengths, obtained the high determination coefficients of 0.9838 and 0.9899, respectively. The results indicated the non-linear models were more accurate than the linear models using both wavelength intervals. These results demonstrated that visible and near-infrared (VIS/NIR) spectroscopy combined with RBF_LSSVR or RBF_NN is a useful, non-destructive tool for determinations of the leaf water content in Miscanthus, and thus very helpful for development of drought-resistant varieties in Miscanthus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number721
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
StatePublished - May 19 2017


  • Drought-resistant breeding
  • Leaf water content
  • Miscanthus
  • Sensitive wavelengths
  • VIS/NIR spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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