Date palm is an important fruit crop and member of palm family, reported with varied ploidy levels, i.e., 14 (2n = 28) to 18 (2n = 36) pairs of chromosomes and genomic size due to the limited work done on its cytological aspect. The amount of nuclear DNA content is extremely important to understand the hereditary constituent of any species. Hence, the present study was conducted with the aim to estimate the ploidy level and especially the genomic size (C value) of date palm by studying fifty date palm cultivars with flow cytometry using propidium iodide (PI) as the fluorescent dye. The maize genome size (5.14 pg) was used as the internal reference. The results obtained regarding genomic size of date palm cultivars significantly varied and ranged from 1.59 to 1.84 pg 2C−1 or 780.11 to 903.06 Mbp when converted into base pairs of DNA. The average genome size of studied cultivars was observed to be 1.726 2C−1, while, that of nuclei significantly varied from cultivar to cultivar and appeared independent to the genomic size of the studied cultivars. Intraspecific variations were not detected among five exotic cultivars (Amber, Sugae, Medjool, Safawi and Ajwa) grown in Pakistan in relation to their place of origin. The cluster analysis exhibited two main groups of cultivars, the first group comprised 65.3% (33 cultivars) and the second group contained 35.7% (17 cultivars). In addition, no ploidy was observed among all the studied cultivars. The findings regarding the estimated genomic sizes of studied cultivars may be helpful in understanding date palm genetics, breeding and genome sequencing programs further.
- Flow cytometry
- Phoenix dactylifera L
- Propidium iodide (PI)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)