Determination of acquisition time and wheel control for spacecraft using a momentum transfer technique

Andrew Pukniel, Ja Young Kang, Victoria L. Coverstone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The momentum wheel spin-up in spacecraft with partially-filled liquid propellant tanks undergoing a reorientation maneuver results in undesired nutation around the final spin axis. In this study, we investigate the sensitivity of the spacecraft nutation to several design parameters, including momentum wheel spin-up rate, fuel viscosity, and tank location. The goal of the study is to aid in spacecraft design that presents acceptable trade-off between residual angular velocity and acceptable acquisition time. The methods employed include optimization of propellant tank placement to minimize post-maneuver spacecraft nutation while achieving fast acquisition times. The control is achieved through appropriate momentum wheel spin-up strategy that avoids excessive excitation of the system for a given spacecraft configuration. Results from numerical simulations are compared to selected results obtained with an analytical method and show excellent agreement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
EventAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Aug 10 2009Aug 13 2009

Publication series

NameAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit

Other

OtherAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period8/10/098/13/09

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Pukniel, A., Kang, J. Y., & Coverstone, V. L. (2009). Determination of acquisition time and wheel control for spacecraft using a momentum transfer technique. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit [2009-6110] (AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit).