In this paper, a biodegradable gold coated zein film surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) platform, with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) deposited on the surface to further enhance the Raman signal, was used to detect pyocyanin (PYO), the toxin secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. An inverted pyramid structure imprinted on a zein film and gold coated during the transfer process was further improved with the deposition and fixing of gold nanoparticles, which resulted in enhancement of the SERS signal by approximately a decade. This new platform served as a lab-on-a-chip sensor to enable the sensitive and rapid detection of PYO in drinking water. The size, distribution, and morphology of the zein film nanostructures including the presence and distribution of gold nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The new zein-based platform has the advantage of being largely biodegradable compared with commercial silicon- or glass-based platforms. The limit of detection for PYO using the newly developed zein-based SERS sensor platform was calculated as 25 μM, considerably lower than the concentration of PYO in the blood of people with cystic fibrosis which has been reported to be 70 μM.
- SERS sensor
- inverted pyramid structure
- zein film
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)