Nitrogen (N) is a common element added to GaAs for band gap engineering and strain compensation. However, detection of small amounts of N is difficult for electron microscopy as well as for other chemical analysis techniques. In this work, N in GaAs is examined by using different transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. While both dark-field TEM imaging using the composition sensitive (002) reflections and selected area diffraction reveal a significant difference between the doped thin-film and the GaAs substrate, spectroscopy techniques such as electron energy loss and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy are not able to detect N. To quantify the N content, quantitative convergent beam electron diffraction (QCBED) is used, which gives a direct evidence of N substitution and As vacancies. The measurements are enabled by the electron energy-filtered scanning CBED technique. These results demonstrate a sensitive method for composition analysis based on quantitative electron diffraction.
- Convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED)
- Gallium arsenide (GaAs)
- Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics