Designing electric vehicle incentives to meet emission reduction targets

Yen Chu Wu, Eleftheria Kontou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Electric vehicles are expected to reduce transportation emissions. We design and allocate rebates and charging infrastructure investments to induce electric vehicle adoption and achieve emission reduction targets. A nonlinear mixed-integer mathematical model is proposed to optimize the investment allocation over a planning horizon. Logistic functions describe the vehicle demand driven by capital and ownership costs and network externalities. A simulated annealing algorithm is used to solve the nonlinear programming problem that is applied using data representative of the United States market. Our analysis indicates that rebates should be provided earlier than chargers due to neighborhood effects of electric vehicle adoption and the minimization of expenditure; availability of home charging influences consumers choice and the drivers electrified travel distance; rebates are more effective for modest drivers while charging stations should be prioritized for frequent drivers; network externalities should be further investigated because of their impact on electric vehicle demand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103320
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • Charging stations
  • Electric vehicles
  • Emission reduction
  • Incentives
  • Optimization model
  • Rebates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Designing electric vehicle incentives to meet emission reduction targets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this