Design of Engineered Cementitious Composite Suitable for Wet-Mixture Shotcreting

Yun Yong Kim, Hyun Joon Kong, Victor C. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An engineered cementitious composite (ECC) suitable for wet-mixture shotcreting (sprayable ECC) in the fresh state, while maintaining tensile strain-hardening behavior in the hardened state, has been developed by employing a parallel control of micromechanics- and rheology-based design. In the development concept of sprayable ECC, micromechanics is adopted to properly select the matrix, fiber, and interface properties to exhibit strain-hardening and multiple cracking behaviors in the composites. Within the predetermined micromechanical constraints, the fluid properties are controlled by the rheological process design to develop flocculations between cementitious particles at a proper rate. The pumpability and sprayability of the ECC mixture are then realized by the controlled rheological properties of fresh matrix and the uniform dispersion of fibers. A series of spray and deformability tests show the excellent pumpability, sprayability, and rebound property of the sprayable ECC. Subsequent uniaxial tensile tests demonstrate that the mechanical performance of sprayed ECC using wet-mixture shotcreting process is comparable with that of ECC cast with external consolidation for the same mixture design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-518
Number of pages8
JournalACI Materials Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2003


  • Cementitious
  • Fiber
  • Matrix
  • Rheology
  • Shotcrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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