This paper describes the design for an experimental high power, phase-locked gyrotron oscillator. The electron beam is generated by a 1MV pulseline accelerator, and the reference signal is provided by a 35GHz, 20kW magnetron. The expected output power is in the range 1 to 10 MW. The design is based on a solid 1MeV, 100 Amp, 4mm electron beam with a momentum pitch ratio ∞ of 0.75. The locking signal from the magnetron is introduced via a prebunching cavity. A second (passive) bunching cavity is used to increase the locking frequency bandwidth obtainable with a given locking power. The bunching cavities are designed to operate in the fundamental TE111 cylindrical cavity mode. Some competition from the TE112 higher order axial mode could not be avoided owing to the constraint on the minimum drift tube diameter set by the requirement to propagate the electron beam. The bunching cavities include two axial slots to control the cavity Q factor and suppress competing modes. Additional slots and apertures are used to suppress oscillation in the drift spaces. The output cavity operates in the TE121 mode and is also slotted to reduce competing mode excitation. The maximum phase-locking bandwidth is estimated to be 0.1% and the time to achieve phase-locked operation is about 20ns, which is consistent with the pulselength of the NRL VEBA accelerator.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering