Design of a Compact Hemispiral GPS Antenna with Direction Finding Capabilities

Cara Yang Kataria, Grace X. Gao, Jennifer T. Bernhard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A nearly hemispherical spiral or 'hemispiral,' an antenna for global positioning system reception, is presented with design methodology and measurements. Its set of distinct radiation patterns allows receivers to estimate the angular direction of incoming signals in the presence of noise without the need for an array. It requires no dielectric or absorbing materials and may operate from a single RF path, making it ideal for cost-constrained platforms. The antenna's compact size also compares favorably with known reconfigurable antenna designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8640821
Pages (from-to)2878-2885
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2019


  • Direction of arrival (DOA) estimation
  • global positioning system (GPS)
  • hemispherical spiral antennas
  • radio direction finding
  • signal processing antennas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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