Design formulas for vibration control of sagged cables using passive MR dampers

Yuanfeng Duan, Yi Qing Ni, Hongmei Zhang, Billie F. Spencer, Jan Ming Ko, Shenghao Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, a method for analyzing the damping performance of stay cables incorporating magnetorheological (MR) dampers in the passive control mode is developed taking into account the cable sag and inclination, the damper coefficient, stiffness and mass, and the stiffness of damper support. Both numerical and asymptotic solutions are obtained from complex modal analysis. With the asymptotic solution, analytical formulas that evaluate the equivalent damping ratio of the sagged cable-damper system in consideration of all the above parameters are derived. The main thrust of the present study is to develop an general design formula and a universal curve for the optimal design of MR dampers for adjustable passive control of sagged cables. Two sag-affecting coefficients are derived to reflect the effects of cable sag on the maximum attainable damping ratio and the optimal damper coefficient. For the cable configurations commonly used in cable-stayed bridges, the sag-affecting coefficients are directly expressed in terms of the sag-extensibility parameter to facilitate the control design. A case study on adjustable passive vibration control of the longest cable (536 m) on Stonecutters Bridge is carried out to demonstrate the influence of the sag for the damper design, and to figure out the necessity of adjustability of damper coefficients for achieving maximum damping ratio for different vibration modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-551
Number of pages15
JournalSmart Structures and Systems
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Vibration control
Cables
Damping
Stiffness
Cable stayed bridges
Modal analysis
Vibrations (mechanical)

Keywords

  • MR damper
  • Open-loop control
  • Passive control
  • Sagged cable
  • Vibration mitigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Design formulas for vibration control of sagged cables using passive MR dampers. / Duan, Yuanfeng; Ni, Yi Qing; Zhang, Hongmei; Spencer, Billie F.; Ko, Jan Ming; Dong, Shenghao.

In: Smart Structures and Systems, Vol. 23, No. 6, 01.01.2019, p. 537-551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Duan, Yuanfeng ; Ni, Yi Qing ; Zhang, Hongmei ; Spencer, Billie F. ; Ko, Jan Ming ; Dong, Shenghao. / Design formulas for vibration control of sagged cables using passive MR dampers. In: Smart Structures and Systems. 2019 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 537-551.
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