Design decision tradeoffs for environmental impact and end of life recovery of Cellphones

Aaron T. Joseph, James H. Schreiner, Deborah Thurston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Tradeoff decision making is a difficult problem in design, and even more so when designing for the product lifecycle. Tradeoffs must be made among a broader set of issues, including environmental impact. In addition, normative methods such as utility analysis can become more difficult to implement because of decision modeling issues. This paper presents formal, normative methods for overcoming these difficulties. The method includes a lifecycle analysis which reveals elements of the cellphone design that are most impactful on the environment. A baseline estimate of impacts provides insight into possible redesign options based on minimization of negative environmental impacts. The proposed method also employs a multiattribute utility copula approach, which can be useful when the condition of utility independence is not easily satisfied when formulating a multiattribute utility function. An example using the decision process for end of life (EOL) processing alternatives for cellphones illustrates the method. The extraction of sub-Assemblies was determined to be the best decision alternative to recapture value at the disposal stage of the product lifecycle. The copula structure is shown to be effective in analyzing a firm's tradeoff preferences as well as attribute valuation, providing a straightforward tool for tradeoff decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication20th Design for Manufacturing and the Life Cycle Conference; 9th International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791857113
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015 - Boston, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2015Aug 5 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume4

Other

OtherASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period8/2/158/5/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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