Design and testing of an intra-row mechanical weeding machine for corn

C. Cordill, T. E. Grift

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As an alternative to chemical weed control, mechanical weed control between crop rows can be achieved using standard tools such as field cultivators. This paper addresses the related problem of achieving mechanical intra-row weed control in maize. The object was to non-specifically remove weed plants within the row by enabling dual tine carriers to engage the soil whilst circumventing the maize stalks. The maize stalks were distinguished from the weeds and maize leaves by utilising 1) the typical vertical quasi-cylindrical stalk of the maize plant, 2) the limited range of maize stalk diameters, and 3) by assuming constant plant spacing. To assess the performance of the machine, a video was taken during field plot experiments. This allowed determination of the number of plants that were "fatally damaged" after inadvertently being pushed over by the implement. This was assumed to cause the plant to die, or "minimally damaged" where the implement merely touched the plant, when the plant was assumed to survive. Experiments were carried out using three arrangements being 1) three rows without weeds, 2) three rows with broadleaf weeds (simulated by planting soybean) and 3) three rows with grassy weeds. The percentage of plants that were fatally damaged was 8.8%, 23.7%, and 23.7% in cases 1, 2, 3 respectively. In addition, the percentage of plants that were minimally damaged was 17.6%, 20%, and 25.9% in cases 1, 2,3 respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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