Design and Circuit Modeling of Graphene Plasmonic Nanoantennas

Shaloo Rakheja, Parijat Sengupta, Suhaila M. Shakiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nanonntennas are critical elements of nanoscale wireless communication technologies with potential to overcome some of the limitations of on-chip interconnects. In this paper, we model the optical response of graphene-based nanoantennas (GNAs) using an equivalent resistive-inductive-capacitive (RLC) circuit by incorporating plasmonic effects that are present in graphene at terahertz (THz) frequencies. The equivalent circuit model is used to estimate the resonance characteristics of the nanoantenna, thereby facilitating geometry and material optimization. Three GNA structures are considered, namely bowtie, circular, and rectangular dimers with vacuum and silicon dioxide dielectric environment. We characterize the radiation efficiency, the Purcell factor, the quality factor, and the resonant frequency of various antennas with respect to the physical properties of the surrounding dielectric media and the graphene sheet. The GNAs are designed for a resonant frequency in the range of 10 - 25 THz with field enhancements around 104 - 105 and radiation efficiency 5 - 16%. The circuit model is applied to examine the trade-off between the radiation efficiency and the field enhancement in the antenna gap. While bowtie antennas have higher field enhancement due to charge accumulation in their pointed structure, they suffer from low radiation efficiency stemming from the large spreading resistance losses. The circuit model is validated against finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations conducted in Lumerical, and excellent match between the model and numerical results is demonstrated in the THz regime. The circuit models can be readily used in a hierarchical circuit simulator to design and optimize optical nanoantennas for THz communication in high-performance computing systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9139925
Pages (from-to)129562-129575
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2020


  • Equivalent circuit model
  • finite-difference time-domain
  • graphene
  • plasmonics
  • terahertz nanoantennas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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